Parameter | Value | Description |
---|---|---|

ρ_{F} | 9.44 kcal/g | Energy density of F |

ρ_{P} | 4.7 kcal/g | Energy density of P |

ρ_{G} | 4.18 kcal/g | Energy density of G |

ρ_{K} | 4.45 kcal/g | Energy density of ketones |

h_{P} | 1.6 g H_{2}O/g | P hydration coefficient |

h_{G} | 2.7 g H_{2}O/g | G hydration coefficient |

η_{F} | 0.18 kcal/g | F synthesis cost |

η_{P} | 0.86 kcal/g | P synthesis cost |

ε_{P} | 0.17 kcal/g | P degradation cost |

η_{G} | 0.21 kcal/g | G synthesis cost |

η_{N} | 5.4 kcal/g | Urea synthesis cost/g nitrogen |

ε_{d} | 0.835 | DNL efficiency |

ε_{g} | 0.8 | GNG efficiency |

ε_{k} | 0.81 | KTG efficiency |

α_{F} | 0.025 | TEF factor for FI |

α_{C} | 0.075 | TEF factor for CI |

α_{P} | 0.25 | TEF factor for PI |

γ_{F} | 4.5 kcal•kg^{−1}•day^{−1} | Specific RMR for adipose |

γ̂_{FFM} | 19 kcal•kg^{−1}•day^{−1} | Basal specific RMR for FFM |

ξ_{BW} | 0.16 | ECF response to BW changes |

ξ_{CI} | 4000 mg/day | ECF response to CI changes |

ξ_{Na} | 3 mg•ml^{−1}•day^{−1} | ECF response to sodium changes |

τ_{BW} | 1,000 days | ECF response time for BW changes |

τ_{T} | 7 days | Response time for T changes |

D̂_{g}_{} | 180 g/day | Baseline glycogenolysis rate |

K_{DNL} | 2 | Glycogen constant for DNL |

d | 4 | Hill coefficient for DNL |

D̂_{F} | 140 g/day | Baseline lipolysis rate |

A_{L} | 3.8 | Maximum lipolysis change |

B_{L} | 0.9 | Minimum lipolysis change |

τ_{L} | 1.44 days | Response time for lipolysis |

K_{L} | 4 | Body fat constant for lipolysis |

S_{L} | 2 | Hill coefficient for lipolysis |

ψ | 0.4 | PA effect on lipolysis |

A_{K} | 0.8 | Maximum KTG fraction |

k_{P} | 0.69 | Effect of PI on KTG |

k_{G} | 0.69 | Effect of G on KTG |

K_{K} | 1 | Sets basal KTG rate |

KTG_{thresh} | 70 g/day | Renal threshold KTG rate |

KU_{max} | 20 g/day | Maximum ketone excretion |

KTG_{max} | 400 g/day | Maximum KTG |

D̂_{P} | 300 g/day | Baseline proteolysis rate |

χ | 0 | Effect of PI on protein turnover |

GN̂G_{P}_{} | 300 kcal/day | Basal GNG_{P} rate |

Γ_{C} | 0.39 | Effect of CI on GNG_{P} |

Γ_{P} | 0.32 | Effect of PI on GNG_{P} |

τ_{PI} | 1.1 days | Response time of ProtOx to PI changes |

See

*Glossary of Model Variables*for definitions of the abbreviations.