Table 3.

Plasma concentrations of metabolites and hormones during rest, exercise, and recovery in FO and matched C

Rest Exercise Recovery
Glucose, mM
 FO5.00 ± 0.53 4.94 ± 0.61 5.15 ± 1.00
 C 4.97 ± 0.48 5.04 ± 0.375.14 ± 0.63
Insulin, pM
 FO34.4 ± 27.83-150 23.7 ± 22.83-150 26.8 ± 27.13-150
 C 69.0 ± 38.555.4 ± 31.1 87.8 ± 43.8
NEFA, μM
 FO988 ± 1823-150 1,051.1 ± 175.73-150 1,162 ± 194.6
 C 704 ± 182661.3 ± 110.3 1,170 ± 317.0
Epinephrine, ng/ml
 FO 0.05 ± 0.01 0.091 ± 0.040.06 ± 0.03
 C 0.07 ± 0.030.095 ± 0.02 0.12 ± 0.19
Norepinephrine, ng/ml
 FO 0.20 ± 0.09 0.45 ± 0.220.26 ± 0.13
 C 0.24 ± 0.070.55 ± 0.11 0.23 ± 0.07
  • Data are means ± SD. NEFA, nonesterified fatty acids.

  • F3-150 Significant difference between FO and C (P < 0.05).