Glucokinase is a key component of the neuronal glucose-sensing mechanism and is expressed in brain regions that control a range of homeostatic processes. In this review, we detail recently identified roles for neuronal glucokinase in glucose homeostasis and counter-regulatory responses to hypoglycaemia and in regulating appetite. We describe clinical implications from these advances in our knowledge especially for developing novel treatments for diabetes and obesity. Further research required to extend our knowledge and help our efforts to tackle the diabetes and obesity epidemics are suggested.
- Copyright © 2016, American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism