Endocrinology and Metabolism


β-Transducin repeats-containing protein (β-TrCP) is the substrate recognition subunit of the SCF (SKP1, CUL1, and F-box protein)-type E3 ubiquitin ligase complex. SCFβ-TrCP ubiquitinates specifically phosphorylated substrates to promote their subsequent destruction by the 26S proteasome and plays a critical role in various human diseases including tumorigenesis. We and others (Duan S et al. Mol Cell 44: 317–324, 2011; Gao D et al. Mol Cell 44: 290–303, 2011; Zhao Y et al. Mol Cell 44: 304–316, 2011) recently reported that SCFβ-TrCP regulates cell growth and autophagy by controlling the ubiquitination and destruction of DEPTOR, an endogenous mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor, in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. In this review, we discuss β-TrCP's new downstream substrate, DEPTOR, as well as summarize the novel functional aspects of β-TrCP in controlling cell growth and regulating autophagy, in part through governing the stability of DEPTOR.

  • mammalian target of rapamycin
  • β-transducin repeats-containing protein
  • Skp1-Cullin1-F-box protein
  • cancer
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