Endocrinology and Metabolism

The calcium-sensing receptor complements parathyroid hormone-induced bone turnover in discrete skeletal compartments in mice

Yingben Xue, Yongjun Xiao, Jingning Liu, Andrew C. Karaplis, Martin R. Pollak, Edward M. Brown, Dengshun Miao, David Goltzman


Although the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) may each exert skeletal effects, it is uncertain how CaSR and PTH interact at the level of bone in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Therefore, we simulated PHPT with 2 wk of continuous PTH infusion in adult mice with deletion of the PTH gene (Pth−/− mice) and with deletion of both PTH and CaSR genes (Pth−/−-Casr −/− mice) and compared skeletal phenotypes. PTH infusion in Pth−/− mice increased cortical bone turnover, augmented cortical porosity, and reduced cortical bone volume, femoral bone mineral density (BMD), and bone mineral content (BMC); these effects were markedly attenuated in PTH-infused Pth−/−-Casr−/− mice. In the absence of CaSR, the PTH-stimulated expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and PTH-stimulated osteoclastogenesis was also reduced. In trabecular bone, PTH-induced increases in bone turnover, trabecular bone volume, and trabecular number were lower in Pth−/−-Casr−/− mice than in Pth−/− mice. PTH-stimulated genetic markers of osteoblast activity were also lower. These results are consistent with a role for CaSR in modulating both PTH-induced bone resorption and PTH-induced bone formation in discrete skeletal compartments.

  • hyperparathyroidism
  • bone resorption
  • calcium
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