The influence of bile salts on hepatic transport of the organic anion dibromosulphthalein (DBSP) was investigated in rats. Bile salts influence the hepatic uptake, intracellular binding, and biliary excretion of DBSP. The overall effect depends on the administered dose of bile salts and DBSP. High doses of bile salts inhibited hepatic uptake of DBSP, whereas low doses of bile salts stimulated bile flow and simultaneously increased maximal biliary excretion of DBSP. The uncharged nonbile salt choleretic ouabain also stimulated biliary DBSP excretion. In contrast, the anionic nonbile salt choleretics, ethacrynic acid and theophylline, did not stimulate biliary excretion of DBSP. Because DBSP inhibited biliary excretion of ethacrynic acid and its metabolites, the lack of a stimulatory effect of ethacrynic acid choleresis might be explained by concomitant inhibition of biliary excretion of DBSP, masking the stimulatory effect of ethacrynic acid. Biliary transport maximum of DBSP was highly correlated with bile flow. The biliary clearance (Vmax/Km) was only moderately changed by bile salt administration, whereas the increase in the maximal biliary excretion rate was more pronounced, implying that the apparent Km for biliary excretion of DBSP was also increased by the bile salts. It is inferred that the stimulation of net biliary excretion of DBSP by bile salts may be due to a diminished transport from bile into the hepatocytes as the consequence of the decreased biliary concentration caused by the choleresis.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Physiological Society