Mechanical length-tension properties and response to neurohumoral agents were compared for proximal and distal colonic muscle. Resting tension during stretch, acetylcholine-stimulated tension, and the total tension were determined. Proximal circular muscle developed a maximum total tension of 0.96 +/- 0.18 kg/cm2 (mean +/- SE) compared to 0.86 +/- 0.06 kg/cm2 for the distal colon (P greater than 0.05). Resting tension was 0.33 +/- 0.03 kg/cm2 for the proximal colon and 0.05 +/- 0.01 kg/cm2 for the distal colon at the length of optimal acetylcholine-stimulated tension (Lo) (P less than 0.01). Longitudinal muscle showed a similar difference for the proximal and distal colon. The high resting tension in the proximal colonic muscle was reduced by nitroprusside or calcium-free Krebs with EGTA. Dose-response curves to acetylcholine, histamine, phenylephrine, and isoproterenol were similar for the muscle of either part of the colon. Gastrin or cholecystokinin had no effect on the muscle. In summary, the circular or longitudinal muscles of the proximal and distal colon have different length-tension properties but only minimal differences in response to neurohumoral agents.
- Copyright © 1979 by American Physiological Society